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Chambre de Commerce - Fiche d'information pays Dernière mise à jour: 12.08.2021

Vos conseillers à la Chambre de Commerce

  • Diana Rutledge
  • Edith Stein

Indicateurs clés

70,273 km2
5,224,884 (July 2021 est.)
Type de gouvernement
parliamentary republic
English (official, the language generally used), Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official, spoken by approximately 39.8% of the population as of 2016; mainly spoken in areas along Ireland's western coast known as gaeltachtai
$418.622 billion (2020 est.)
Taux de croissance
3.4% (2020 est.)



Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600 and 150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. Norman invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. The Irish famine of the mid-19th century was responsible for a drop in the island's population by more than one quarter through starvation, disease, and emigration. For more than a century afterward, the population of the island continued to fall only to begin growing again in the 1960s. Over the last 50 years, Ireland's high birthrate has made it demographically one of the youngest populations in the EU.

The modern Irish state traces its origins to the failed 1916 Easter Monday Uprising that touched off several years of guerrilla warfare resulting in independence from the UK in 1921 for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK. Deep sectarian divides between the Catholic and Protestant populations and systemic discrimination in Northern Ireland erupted into years of violence known as the "Troubles" that began in the 1960s. The Government of Ireland was part of a process along with the UK and US Governments that helped broker the Good Friday Agreement in Northern Ireland in 1998. This initiated a new phase of cooperation between the Irish and British Governments. Ireland was neutral in World War II and continues its policy of military neutrality. Ireland joined the European Community in 1973 and the euro-zone currency union in 1999. The economic boom years of the Celtic Tiger (1995-2007) saw rapid economic growth, which came to an abrupt end in 2008 with the meltdown of the Irish banking system. Today the economy is recovering, fueled by large and growing foreign direct investment, especially from US multi-nationals.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Ireland


Indicateurs macroéconomiques

Economic activity in Ireland is projected to remain robust, but to ease gradually. Abstracting from volatile activities of multinational enterprises (MNEs), domestic demand will remain robust with solid employment growth and consumption. As the labour market tightens, wage pressures will be strong, feeding into higher inflation. Business investment will slow after its strong rebound, while the construction sector will retain its momentum.

The stance of fiscal policy will be mildly contractionary in both 2018 and 2019. The government should remain committed to improving the fiscal position, thus making room to use fiscal policy against potential negative shocks, notably that of Brexit. The implementation of a new development plan aiming at economic, environmental and social progress should be conditional on this commitment to improve the fiscal position, requiring projects to be carefully prioritised.

Source: OECD - Economic Forcast

IMF Statistics:


Subject descriptor20182019202020212022
Gross domestic product, constant prices
Percent change
Gross domestic product, current prices
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices
U.S. dollars (Units)
Inflation, average consumer prices
Percent change
Volume of imports of goods and services
Percent change
Volume of exports of goods and services
Percent change
Unemployment rate
Percent of total labor force
Current account balance
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Current account balance
Percent of GDP
Colored cells are estimates

Source: IMF Statistics - Ireland


Le Luxembourg et le pays

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement 

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.

  • Convention from 14.01.1972 (Memorial 1974, A No.90, p.2079)
  • Effective as of 01.01.1968 (Memorial 1974, A No.90, p.2079)
  • Amendment of the Convention from 27.05.2014 (Memorial 2015, A No.232, p.5104)
  • Protocol of letter Exchange of the Convention from 24.12.2015
  • Effective as of 01.01.2016

Air Services agreement

  • Agreement frm 07.27.1954 (Memorial 1955, p. 455)
  • Effective as of 28.02.1955 (Memorial 1955, p. 632)
  • Exchange of Notes from 30.9./19.10.1957

Source: Administration des contributions directes


Plus d'informations

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact points in Ireland

Embassy of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in Ireland

Ambassador with residence in London: Mr Jean OLINGER

27, Wilton Crescent
GB-London SWIX 8SD
United Kingdom

Tel.: +44 20 7235 69 61/62/63
Fax: +44 20 7235 97 34
E-Mail: londres.amb(at) 


Honorary Consul

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction in Ireland:

Mr Ivan HEALY 

30 Upper Pembroke Street
DO2 NT28

Tel.: (+353) 1 608 7765
E-Mail: dublin(at) 

Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Luxemburg  


Economic and Commercial Attaché (FIT) in charge of Ireland 

Economic and Commercial AttachéMr Jacques VANHOUCKE

1, Elgin Road
Dublin 4

Tel.: (+353) 1-631.52.87
E-Mail: dublin(at)                                                                  

Source: FIT


Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Ireland

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link: Ducroire Office - Country Risk for Ireland

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