Chamber of Commerce Country Factsheet Last update: 10.01.2020
Your advisors at the Chamber of Commerce
- Steven Koener+352423939379
Lithuanian lands were united under MINDAUGAS in 1236; over the next century, through alliances and conquest, Lithuania extended its territory to include most of present-day Belarus and Ukraine. By the end of the 14th century Lithuania was the largest state in Europe. An alliance with Poland in 1386 led the two countries into a union through the person of a common ruler. In 1569, Lithuania and Poland formally united into a single dual state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This entity survived until 1795 when its remnants were partitioned by surrounding countries. Lithuania regained its independence following World War I but was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently restructured its economy for integration into Western European institutions; it joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004. In 2015, Lithuania joined the euro zone, and it will join the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in 2018.
After the country declared independence from the Soviet Union in 1990, Lithuania faced an initial dislocation that is typical during transitions from a planned economy to a free-market economy. Macroeconomic stabilization policies, including privatization of most state-owned enterprises, and a strong commitment to a currency board arrangement led to an open and rapidly growing economy and rising consumer demand. Foreign investment and EU funding aided in the transition. Lithuania joined the WTO in May 2001, the EU in May 2004, and the euro zone in January 2015, and is now working to complete the OECD accession roadmap it received in July 2015. In 2017, joined the OECD Working Group on Bribery, an important step in the OECD accession process.The Lithuanian economy was severely hit by the 2008-09 global financial crisis, but it has rebounded and become one of the fastest growing in the EU. Increases in exports, investment, and wage growth that supported consumption helped the economy grow by 3.6% in 2017. In 2015, Russia was Lithuania’s largest trading partner, followed by Poland, Germany, and Latvia; goods and services trade between the US and Lithuania totaled $2.2 billion. Lithuania opened a self-financed liquefied natural gas terminal in January 2015, providing the first non-Russian supply of natural gas to the Baltic States and reducing Lithuania’s dependence on Russian gas from 100% to approximately 30% in 2016.
Lithuania’s ongoing recovery hinges on improving the business environment, especially by liberalizing labor laws, and improving competitiveness and export growth, the latter hampered by economic slowdowns in the EU and Russia. In addition, a steady outflow of young and highly educated people is causing a shortage of skilled labor, which, combined with a rapidly aging population, could stress public finances and constrain long-term growth.
|Gross domestic product, constant prices|
|Gross domestic product, current prices|
U.S. dollars (Billions)
|Gross domestic product per capita, current prices|
U.S. dollars (Units)
|Inflation, average consumer prices|
|Volume of imports of goods and services|
|Volume of exports of goods and services|
Percent of total labor force
|Current account balance|
U.S. dollars (Billions)
|Current account balance|
Percent of GDP
Source: IMF Statistics - Lithuania
Luxembourg and the country
Existing conventions and agreements
Non double taxation agreement
In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.
- Convention from 22.11.2004 (Memorial 2006, A No.65, p.1300)
- Effective as of 01.01.2007 (Memorial 2006, A No.65, p.1300)
- Amendment of the Convention from 20.06.2014 (Memorial 2015, A No.232, p.5116)
- Law from 24.12.2015
- Effective as of 01.01.2016
Air Services agreement
The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.
You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.
Contact points in Lithuania
Embassy of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in Lithuania
Ambassador with residence in Warsaw: Mr Conrad BRUCH
ul. Sloneczna 15
Tel.: +48 22 507 86 50
Fax: +48 22 507 86 61
Honorary Consul with Jurisdiction over the constituencies of Kaunas, Alytus, Marijampole, Taurage and Klaipeda in Kaunas:
Mr Ramunas GARBARAVICIUS
Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the constituencies Vilnius, Utena, Panevezys, Siauliai and Telisi in Vilnius:
Mrs Vilija VAITKUTE PAVAN
Economic and Commercial Attaché (FIT) in charge of Lithuania
Economic and Commercial Attaché: Mr Thomas CASTREL
Flanders Investment & Trade
Gedimino Prospektas 20
Tel: (+370) 675 92 332
Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Lithuania
Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.
Link: ODL - Lithuania
- CIA World factbook on Lithuania
- Flanders Investment & Trade (FIT)
- Lithuanian presidency of the Council of the European Union 2013
- Lithuania Business Development Agency
- Lithuanian Exporters Database
- Market watch Lithuania - merkur
The Chamber of Commerce and the country