In 788, about a century after the Arab conquest of North Africa, a series of Moroccan Muslim dynasties began to rule in Morocco. In the 16th century, the Sa'adi monarchy, particularly under Ahmad al-MANSUR (1578-1603), repelled foreign invaders and inaugurated a golden age. The Alaouite Dynasty, to which the current Moroccan royal family belongs, dates from the 17th century. In 1860, Spain occupied northern Morocco and ushered in a half century of trade rivalry among European powers that saw Morocco's sovereignty steadily erode; in 1912, the French imposed a protectorate over the country. A protracted independence struggle with France ended successfully in 1956. The internationalized city of Tangier and most Spanish possessions were turned over to the new country that same year. Sultan MOHAMMED V, the current monarch's grandfather, organized the new state as a constitutional monarchy and in 1957 assumed the title of king. Since Spain's 1976 withdrawal from what is today called Western Sahara, Morocco has extended its de facto administrative control to roughly 75% of this territory; however, the UN does not recognize Morocco as the administering power for Western Sahara. The UN since 1991 has monitored a cease-fire between Morocco and the Polisario Front - an organization advocating the territory’s independence - and aims to restart negotiations over the status of the territory.
King MOHAMMED VI in early 2011 responded to the spread of pro-democracy protests in the region by implementing a reform program that included a new constitution, passed by popular referendum in July 2011, under which some new powers were extended to parliament and the prime minister but ultimate authority remains in the hands of the monarch. In November 2011, the Justice and Development Party (PJD) - a moderate Islamist party - won the largest number of seats in parliamentary elections, becoming the first Islamist party to lead the Moroccan Government. In September 2015, Morocco held its first ever direct elections for regional councils, one of the reforms included in the 2011 constitution. The PJD again won the largest number of seats in nationwide parliamentary elections in October 2016.
Source: The CIA World Factbook - Morocco
Morocco has capitalized on its proximity to Europe and relatively low labor costs to work towards building a diverse, open, market-oriented economy. Key sectors of the economy include agriculture, tourism, aerospace, automotive, phosphates, textiles, apparel, and subcomponents. Morocco has increased investment in its port, transportation, and industrial infrastructure to position itself as a center and broker for business throughout Africa. Industrial development strategies and infrastructure improvements - most visibly illustrated by a new port and free trade zone near Tangier - are improving Morocco's competitiveness.
In the 1980s, Morocco was a heavily indebted country before pursuing austerity measures and pro-market reforms, overseen by the IMF. Since taking the throne in 1999, King MOHAMMED VI has presided over a stable economy marked by steady growth, low inflation, and gradually falling unemployment, although poor harvests and economic difficulties in Europe contributed to an economic slowdown. To boost exports, Morocco entered into a bilateral Free Trade Agreement with the US in 2006 and an Advanced Status agreement with the EU in 2008. In late 2014, Morocco eliminated subsidies for gasoline, diesel, and fuel oil, dramatically reducing outlays that weighed on the country’s budget and current account. Subsidies on butane gas and certain food products remain in place. Morocco also seeks to expand its renewable energy capacity with a goal of making renewable more than 50% of installed electricity generation capacity by 2030.
Despite Morocco's economic progress, the country suffers from high unemployment, poverty, and illiteracy, particularly in rural areas. Key economic challenges for Morocco include reforming the education system and the judiciary.
Source: The CIA World Factbook - Morocco
Subject descriptor 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Gross domestic product, constant prices 2.551 4.508 1.846 4.785 4.198 Gross domestic product, current prices 109.881 100.593 104.908 111.085 116.997 Gross domestic product per capita, current prices 3,311.761 3,002.501 3,101.314 3,252.856 3,393.876 Inflation, average consumer prices 0.443 1.545 1.300 1.300 1.400 Volume of imports of goods and services 2.673 -2.998 8.596 3.525 4.717 Volume of exports of goods and services 9.931 0.133 5.675 5.562 6.292 Unemployment rate 9.879 9.707 10.150 10.050 9.500 Current account balance -6.226 -1.928 -1.276 -1.542 -1.738 Current account balance -5.666 -1.917 -1.216 -1.388 -1.486
Source: IMF Statistics - Morocco
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In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.
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Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the Regions of Grand Casablanca, Chaouia-Ouardigha, the Oriental, Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaër, Meknès-Tafilalet and Fès-Boulemane:
Mr Atman HALOUI
70, Impasse Abou Mahassine Arrouyani
MA-20100 Casablanca - Morocco
Tel: (+212) 672 789 106
Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the Regions of Souss Massa-Daraa, Guelmim-esmara, Laayoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra, Oued-Eddahab-lagouira, Marrakech-Tensift-Al Haouz, Doukkala-Abda and Tadla-Azilal:
Mr Aziz BOUSLIKHANE
Bab al Madina
BP 8143 Agadir
Tel: (+212) 028 223 210 / (+212) 661 177 787
Fax: (+212) 028 223 368
Economic and Commercial Attaché (AWEX) in charge of Morocco
Economic and Commercial Attaché: Mr Takis KAKAYANNIS
Rue Al Farabi 9
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