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Chambre de Commerce - Fiche d'information pays Dernière mise à jour: 13.08.2021

Vos conseillers à la Chambre de Commerce

  • Claudine Otto
  • Laura Ambrogio

Indicateurs clés

41,543 km2
17,337,403 (July 2021 est.)
Type de gouvernement
parliamentary constitutional monarchy; part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Dutch (official)
$912.242 billion (2020 est.)
Taux de croissance
-3.7% (2020 est.)



The Dutch United Provinces declared their independence from Spain in 1579; during the 17th century, they became a leading seafaring and commercial power, with settlements and colonies around the world. After a 20-year French occupation, a Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830, Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I, but suffered German invasion and occupation in World War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EEC (now the EU) and participated in the introduction of the euro in 1999. In October 2010, the former Netherlands Antilles was dissolved and the three smallest islands - Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba - became special municipalities in the Netherlands administrative structure. The larger islands of Sint Maarten and Curacao joined the Netherlands and Aruba as constituent countries forming the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

In February 2018, the Sint Eustatius island council (governing body) was dissolved and replaced by a government commissioner to restore the integrity of public administration. According to the Dutch Government, the intervention will be as "short as possible and as long as needed."

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Netherlands


Indicateurs macroéconomiques

GDP growth is projected to remain robust at 3.3% in 2018 and close to 3% in 2019, supported by strong private consumption and investment. Wage growth and inflation are projected to rise as economic slack disappears. The current account surplus is set to remain at a high level.

To ensure more inclusive growth, labour market reforms should be implemented to enhance mobility and improve the employment opportunities of vulnerable groups. Housing market vulnerabilities should be reduced by lowering loan-to-value caps for new mortgages. Reforms to the occupational pension system should focus on improving the transparency and solidarity of the system.

Source: OECD - Economic Forecast 


IMF Statistics:

Subject descriptor20182019202020212022
Gross domestic product, constant prices
Percent change
Gross domestic product, current prices
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices
U.S. dollars (Units)
Inflation, average consumer prices
Percent change
Volume of imports of goods and services
Percent change
Volume of exports of goods and services
Percent change
Unemployment rate
Percent of total labor force
Current account balance
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Current account balance
Percent of GDP
Colored cells are estimates

Source: IMF Statistics - Netherlands


Le Luxembourg et le pays

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement 

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.

  • Convention from 08.05.1968 (Memorial 1969, A No.24, p.754)
  • Effective as of 01.01.1967 (Memorial 1969, A No.24, p.754)
  • Amendment of the Convention from 16.10.1990 (Memorial 1992, A No.58, p.1901)
  • Effective as of 01.01.1993 (Memorial 1992, A No.58, p.1901)
  • 2nd Amendment of the Convention from 05.29.2009 (Memorial 2010, A No.51, p.830)
  • Effective as of 01.01.2011 (Memorial 2010, A No.51, p.830)

Air Services agreement

  • Exchange of Notes from 14.4. and 06.23.1948 (Memorial 1951, p. 1186)
  • Effective as of 08.24.1951

Source: Administration des contributions directes


Plus d'informations

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact points in Netherlands

Embassy of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in Netherlands

Ambassador with residence in : Mr Jean-Marc HOSCHEIT

Nassaulaan 8
NL-2514 JS The Hague 

Tel.: (+31) 70 360 75 16
Fax: (+31) 70 346 2000
E-Mail: lahaye.amb(at) 


Honorary Consuls

Honorary General Consul with jurisdiction over the Provinces of North Holland, Friesland, Groningen, Drenthe, and Flevoland:

Mr Paulus W.L. RUSSELL

Reimersbeek 2
NL-1082 AG Amsterdam

Tel.: (+31)20 301 55 55
E-Mail: amsterdam(at) 

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the Province of Limburg:

Mr Fernand JADOUL
Achter de Comedie 8
NL-6211 GZ Maastricht

Tel.: (+31) 043 3501490
E-Mail: maastricht(at) 

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the Provinces of Utrecht, Gelderland, and Overijssel:


"Hoeve Bargsigt"
Hammerweg 44
NL- 7731 AK Ommen

Tel.: (+31) 653 14 74 74
E-Mail: bwientjes(at) 

Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Luxembourg


Economic and Commercial Attaché (AWEX) in charge of Netherland

Economic and Commercial AttachéMr Rodrigo DOS SANTOS

Lange Voorhout, 86/21 et 33
NL-2514 EJ Den Haag

Tel.: +31-70-365.50.19
E-Mail: lahaye(at) 

Source: AWEX

Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Netherlands

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link: Ducroire Office - Country Risk for Netherlands

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