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Macao SAR of China
Chambre de Commerce - Fiche d'information pays Dernière mise à jour: 12.08.2021

Vos conseillers à la Chambre de Commerce

  • Na Shi
  • Steven Koener

Indicateurs clés

28 km2
630,396 (July 2021 est.)
Type de gouvernement
special administrative region of the People's Republic of China
Cantonese 80.1%, Mandarin 5.5%, other Chinese dialects 5.3%, Tagalog 3%, English 2.8%, Portuguese 0.6%, other 2.8%
$55.154 billion (2019 est.)
Taux de croissance
-56.3% (2020 est.)



Colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Macau was the first European settlement in the Far East. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and Portugal on 13 April 1987, Macau became the Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China on 20 December 1999. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's political and economic system would not be imposed on Macau, and that Macau would enjoy a "high degree of autonomy" in all matters except foreign affairs and defense for the subsequent 50 years.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Macao


Indicateurs macroéconomiques

Since opening up its locally-controlled casino industry to foreign competition in 2001, Macau has attracted tens of billions of dollars in foreign investment, transforming the territory into one of the world's largest gaming centers. Macau's gaming and tourism businesses were fueled by China's decision to relax travel restrictions on Chinese citizens wishing to visit Macau. In 2016, Macau's gaming-related taxes accounted for more than 76% of total government revenue.

Macau's economy slowed dramatically in 2009 as a result of the global economic slowdown, but strong growth resumed in the 2010-13 period, largely on the back of tourism from mainland China and the gaming sectors. In 2015, this city of 646,800 hosted nearly 30.7 million visitors. Almost 67% came from mainland China. Macau's traditional manufacturing industry has slowed greatly since the termination of the Multi-Fiber Agreement in 2005. Services export — primarily gaming — increasingly has driven Macau’s economic performance. Mainland China’s anti-corruption campaign brought Macau’s gambling boom to a halt in 2014, with spending in casinos contracting 34.3% in 2015. As a result, Macau's inflation-adjusted GDP contracted 21.5% in 2015 and another 2.1% in 2016 - down from double-digit expansion rates in the period 2010-13 - but the economy recovered handsomely in 2017.

Macau continues to face the challenges of managing its growing casino industry, risks from money-laundering activities, and the need to diversify the economy away from heavy dependence on gaming revenues. Macau's currency, the pataca, is closely tied to the Hong Kong dollar, which is also freely accepted in the territory.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Economic overview Macau

IMF Statistics:

Subject descriptor20182019202020212022
Gross domestic product, constant prices
Percent change
Gross domestic product, current prices
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices
U.S. dollars (Units)
Inflation, average consumer prices
Percent change
Volume of imports of goods and services
Percent change
Volume of exports of goods and services
Percent change
Unemployment rate
Percent of total labor force
Current account balance
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Current account balance
Percent of GDP
Colored cells are estimates

Source: IMF Statistics - Macao


Le Luxembourg et le pays

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.

Air Services agreement

  • Agreement from 14.12.1994 (Memorial 1995, A, p. 1646)
  • Effective as of 09.25.1995 (Memorial 1995, A, p. 2210)

Source: Administration des Contributions Directes


Plus d'informations

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can view the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact points in Macao SAR of China

Embassy of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in China

Ambassador with residence in Beijing: Mr Marc HÜBSCH

Unit 1701, Tower B, Pacific Century Place,
2A Gong Ti Bei Lu, Chaoyang District,
Beijing 100027
People's Republic of China

Tel.: +86 10 8588 0900
Fax: +86 10 6513 7268
E-Mail: pekin.amb(at)

Consul General with jurisdiction in the Shanghai Municipality and Jiangsu Provinces, Zhejiang, Anhui and Fujian:


907-908, No. 1788 Nanjing Xi LU
CN-200040 Shanghai
People's Republic of China

Tel: +86 21 63390400/72
Fax: +86 21 63390433

Honorary Consul with Jurisdichtion over Hong Kong:

Mrs Sophie LEUNG

Room B, 13/F, Queen Centre
58-64 Queen's Road East
Wan Chai - Hong Kong

Tel.: (+852) 3621 0979
Fax: (+852) 3747 4600
E-Mail: conluxhk(at)

Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Luxembourg


Economic and Commercial Attachés in charge of Hong Kong and Macao (China)

Economic and Commercial AttachésMr Frédéric DELBART

9/F St. John's Building 
33 Garden Road Central
Hong Kong

Tel: 852-25-37.57.62
E-Mail: hongkong(at)

Source: AWEX


Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Macao SAR of China

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link: Ducroire Office - Country Risk for Macau

Other Useful Links:


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