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Chambre de Commerce - Fiche d'information pays Dernière mise à jour: 12.08.2021

Vos conseillers à la Chambre de Commerce

  • Na Shi
  • Sabrina Aksil

Indicateurs clés

377,915 km2
124,687,293 (July 2021 est.)
Type de gouvernement
parliamentary constitutional monarchy
$5.065 trillion (2019 est.)
Taux de croissance
0.2% (2019 est.)



In 1603, after decades of civil warfare, the Tokugawa shogunate (a military-led, dynastic government) ushered in a long period of relative political stability and isolation from foreign influence. For more than two centuries this policy enabled Japan to enjoy a flowering of its indigenous culture. Japan opened its ports after signing the Treaty of Kanagawa with the US in 1854 and began to intensively modernize and industrialize. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Japan became a regional power that was able to defeat the forces of both China and Russia. It occupied Korea, Formosa (Taiwan), and southern Sakhalin Island. In 1931-32 Japan occupied Manchuria, and in 1937 it launched a full-scale invasion of China. Japan attacked US forces in 1941 - triggering America's entry into World War II - and soon occupied much of East and Southeast Asia. After its defeat in World War II, Japan recovered to become an economic power and an ally of the US. While the emperor retains his throne as a symbol of national unity, elected politicians hold actual decision-making power. Following three decades of unprecedented growth, Japan's economy experienced a major slowdown starting in the 1990s, but the country remains an economic power. In March 2011, Japan's strongest-ever earthquake, and an accompanying tsunami, devastated the northeast part of Honshu island, killed thousands, and damaged several nuclear power plants. The catastrophe hobbled the country's economy and its energy infrastructure, and tested its ability to deal with humanitarian disasters. Prime Minister Shinzo ABE was reelected to office in December 2012, and has since embarked on ambitious economic and security reforms to improve Japan's economy and bolster the country's international standing.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Japan


Indicateurs macroéconomiques

Economic growth is projected to reach 1¼ per cent in 2018 and 2019, supported by exports, business investment and private consumption. In addition to buoyant international trade, firms facing labour shortages will increase business investment and employment. Wages are projected to edge up, although the gains to households will be partially offset by higher inflation, which is expected to rise to 1½ per cent in 2019. The current account surplus is projected to remain close to 4% of GDP through 2019.

Government debt relative to GDP is the highest ever recorded in the OECD area, which poses serious risks. Achieving fiscal sustainability requires a detailed consolidation programme that includes measures to control spending in the face of rapid ageing, and gradual hikes in the consumption tax rate, beginning with the planned increase in 2019. The Bank of Japan is expected to maintain its expansionary monetary policy until the 2% inflation target is achieved, which is appropriate. Continued structural reforms to boost productivity and sustain employment are also a priority to achieve fiscal sustainability and improve well-being.

Source: OECD - Economic Forecast

IMF Statistics:

Subject descriptor20182019202020212022
Gross domestic product, constant prices
Percent change
Gross domestic product, current prices
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices
U.S. dollars (Units)
Inflation, average consumer prices
Percent change
Volume of imports of goods and services
Percent change
Volume of exports of goods and services
Percent change
Unemployment rate
Percent of total labor force
Current account balance
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Current account balance
Percent of GDP
Colored cells are estimates

Source: IMF Statistics


Le Luxembourg et le pays

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.

  • Convention from 05.03.1992 (Memorial 1992, A No.88, p.2523)
  • Effective as of 01.01.1993 (Memorial 1992, A No.88, p.2523)
  • Amendment of the Convention from 25.01.2010 (Memorial 2011, A No.146, p.2025)
  • Effective as of 30.12.2011 (Memorial 2011, A No.146, p.2025)

Air Services agreement


Source: Administration des contributions directes


Plus d'informations

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact points in Japan

Embassy of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in Japan

Ambassador with residence in Tokyo: Mr Pierre FERRING

Luxembourg House 1F
8-9 Chiyoda-Ku Yonbancho
Tokyo 102-0081

Tel.: (+81) 3 32 65 96 21
Fax: (+81) 3 32 65 96 24
E-Mail: tokyo.amb(at)


Honorary Consuls

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the Prefectures of Osaka, Mie, Nara, Wakayama, Shiga, Kyoto, and Hyogo: 

Mr Shigehiko HATTORI

c/o Shimadzu Corporation
1, Nishinokyo, Kuwabana-cho
604-8511 Kyoto

Tel.: (+81) 75 823 1000

Honorary Consul General with jurisdiction over Tokyo:

Mr Hajime SAWABE

TDK Corporation
3-9-1 Shibaura,
108-0023 Tokyo

Tel.: (+81) 3 52 01-7111
E-Mail: ytabuchi(at) 

Luxembourg Trade and Investment Office in Japan


Luxembourg House 1F 
8-9 Yonbancho Chiyoda-ku 
Tokyo 102-0081

Tel.: (+81) (0) 3 3265 9621
E-Mail: tiotokyo(at)

Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs Luxembourg


Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Japan

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link: Ducroire Office - Country Risk for Japan

Other useful links