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Chambre de Commerce - Fiche d'information pays Dernière mise à jour: 24.09.2020

Vos conseillers à la Chambre de Commerce

  • Julie Jacobs
  • Steven Koener

Indicateurs clés

357,022 km2
80,594,017 (July 2017 est.)
Type de gouvernement
federal republic
German (official)
$4.15 trillion (2017 est.)
Taux de croissance
2.1% (2017 est.)



As Europe's largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia), Germany is a key member of the continent's economic, political, and defense organizations. European power struggles immersed Germany in two devastating World Wars in the first half of the 20th century and left the country occupied by the victorious Allied powers of the US, UK, France, and the Soviet Union in 1945. With the advent of the Cold War, two German states were formed in 1949: the western Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the eastern German Democratic Republic (GDR). The democratic FRG embedded itself in key western economic and security organizations, the EC, which became the EU, and NATO, while the communist GDR was on the front line of the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. The decline of the USSR and the end of the Cold War allowed for German reunification in 1990. Since then, Germany has expended considerable funds to bring eastern productivity and wages up to western standards. In January 1999, Germany and 10 other EU countries introduced a common European exchange currency, the euro.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Germany


Indicateurs macroéconomiques

Economic growth is projected to remain solid, backed by robust world trade, investment and a booming labour market. Consumption growth has slowed somewhat, as higher inflation has curbed real wage growth. Low interest rates, high capacity utilisation and growing housing demand are supporting strong residential and business investment. The current account surplus is projected to fall somewhat on the back of strong domestic demand that fuels imports.

Fiscal policy is mildly expansionary, but strong cyclical revenue growth will keep the budget balance in surplus. Reductions in social security contributions and higher subsidies for families are expected, although their timing remains uncertain. Fiscal space is available to increase spending on education, broadband and low-emission transport infrastructure, all of which would strengthen productivity in the long run. Tax reductions for low-wage and second earners along with higher environmental and real estate taxes would promote greener and more inclusive growth.

Source: OECD - Economic Forecast

IMF Statistics:

Subject descriptor20182019202020212022
Gross domestic product, constant prices
Percent change
Gross domestic product, current prices
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices
U.S. dollars (Units)
Inflation, average consumer prices
Percent change
Volume of imports of goods and services
Percent change
Volume of exports of goods and services
Percent change
Unemployment rate
Percent of total labor force
Current account balance
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Current account balance
Percent of GDP
Colored cells are estimates

Source: IMF Statistics - Germany


Le Luxembourg et le pays

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement 

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.

  • Convention from 23.08.1958 (Memorial 1959, A no.43, p.1075)
  • Effective as of 01.01.1957 (Memorial 1959, A no.43, p.1075)
  • Protocol of Amendment from 15.06.1973 (Memorial 1978, A no.42, p.992)
  • Effective as of 01.01.1971 (Memorial 1978, A no.42, p.992)
  • Protocol of Amendment from 11.12.2009 (Memorial 2010, A no.51, p.927)
  • Effective as of 01.01.2010 (Memorial 2010, A no.51, p.927)
  • Convention from 23.04.2012 (Memorial 2013, A no.114, p.1719)
  • Effective as of 01.01.2014 (Memorial 2013, A no.114, p.1719)

Air Services agreement

  • Agreement from 07.05.1961 (Memorial 1965, A, p. 294 )
  • Effective as of 06.25.1965 (Memorial 1965, A, p. 603)

Source: Administration des contributions directes


Plus d'informations

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact points in Germany

Embassy of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in Germany

Ambassador: Mr Jean GRAFF

Klingelhöferstrasse 7
D - 10785 Berlin
Tel: +49 30 26 39 570
Fax: +49 30 26 39 5727
Email: berlin.amb(at)


Luxemburg Trade Department in Berlin

Mrs Julie Jacobs

Embassy of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in Germany
Klingelhöferstrasse 7
D - 10785 Berlin
Tel: +49 30 26 39 570
Email: julie.jacobs(at) 


Honorary Consuls


Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over Hesse and Rhineland-Palatinate except Regierungsbezirke Koblenz and Trier

Dr. Fritz BECKER

Harald Quandt Haus Am Zollstock 12 
D-61352 Bad Homburg

Tél.: (+49) 6172 402 880 
Fax: (+49) 6172 402 889
E-mail: lux-konsulat(at)

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over Bremen: 

Mr Hans-Jürgen BLÖCKER

Stahlwerke Bremen
Carl-Benz-Strasse, 30
D-28237 Bremen

Tel: +49 421 6484484
Fax: +49 421 6482900

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over Saxony and Thuringia:


Hohe Strasse 12
D-01069 Dresden

Tel: +49 351 47 00 916
Fax: +49 351 47 00 917
E-mail: konsulat(at)

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over Rhine-Westphalia

Mr Siegfried H. ELSING

Heinrich-Heine Allee 12
D-40213 Düsseldorf

Tel: +49 211-367 87 - 120
Fax: +49 211-367 87 - 525
E-mail: honorarkonsul(at)

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
and Schleswig-Holstein:

Mr Hermann EBEL

An der Alster 9
D-20099 Hamburg

Tel: + 49 40 30 95 91-80
Fax: +49 40 30 95 91-11
E-mail: lux-consulat(at)

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt:


An der Börse 7
D-30159 Hannover

Tel: + 49 511 64 91 75
Fax: +49 511 30 12 205
E-mail: bhaase(at)

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over Bavaria:

Mr Wolfgang ELSÄßER

Fischerschlößlstraße 17a 
D-82069 Schäftlarn

Tél.: (+49) 817 8909 6040
Fax: (+49) 817 8909 6040

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over Saarland:


Am Halberg 43 
D-66121 Saarbrücken 

Tél.: (+49) 681 95 43 73 83 
Fax: (+49) 681 95 43 73 95
E-mail: honorarkonsul-sarre(at)

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the Baden-Württemberg:

Mr Wolfgang KUHN

Rotebühlstraße 125
70178 Stuttgart

Tél.: (+49) 711 66 44 10
Fax: (+49) 711 66 44 10
E-mail: honorarkonsul-lux(at)

Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Luxembourg  


Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Germany

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link:  Ducroire Office - Country Risk for Germany

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