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Chambre de Commerce - Fiche d'information pays Dernière mise à jour: 20.10.2017

Vos conseillers à la Chambre de Commerce

  • Christophe Hansen
  • Niels Dickens
Contactez-nous: europe@cc.lu

Indicateurs clés

30,528 km2
11,323,973 (July 2015 est.)
Type de gouvernement
federal parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy
Dutch (official) 60%, French (official) 40%, German (official) less than 1%, legally bilingual (Dutch and French)
$494.1 billion (2015 est.)
Taux de croissance
1.4% (2015 est.)



Belgium became independent from the Netherlands in 1830; it was occupied by Germany during World Wars I and II. The country prospered in the past half century as a modern, technologically advanced European state and member of NATO and the EU. Political divisions between the Dutch-speaking Flemings of the north and the French-speaking Walloons of the south have led in recent years to constitutional amendments granting these regions formal recognition and autonomy. Its capital, Brussels, is home to numerous international organizations including the EU and NATO.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Belgium


Indicateurs macroéconomiques

Economic growth will slow down in 2016 as fiscal consolidation and wage moderation curb private consumption. In addition, the terrorist attacks in Brussels and Paris in winter have reduced activity, for example in the tourism and restaurant sectors. Activity will gradually accelerate and become more broad-based as firms’ profit margins improve and better financial conditions boost investment. A reform that shifted taxes from earned income to other bases will reduce labour costs and so raise employment. Exports will strengthen as growth picks up in Europe. Inflation will continue to increase, following the rise of indirect taxes in 2016 and as economic slack shrinks.
The commitment to reach a balanced budget in structural terms by 2018 is welcome given the high public debt. However, the automatic stabilisers should be allowed to operate. Fiscal savings can be reached by improving spending efficiency. Better integration of migrants in the labour market and further strengthening the activation of seniors would make growth more inclusive and sustainable.
The decline in labour productivity growth has been more pronounced than in other OECD countries. Promoting ICT industries, improving regulation in network industries and reducing barriers to entrepreneurship could strengthen productivity growth.

Source: OECD - Economic Forecast

IMF Statistics:

Subject Descriptor2007200820092010201120122013
GDP, constant prices, %2.7%0.7%-2.6%2.1%2.4%1.5% 1.7%
GDP, current prices, $ (billions)459.2506.7472.1467.7529.046549.6567.2
GDP per capita, current prices, $ (units)43,053.647,123.143,551.942,844.748,110.149,629.550,848.6
Inflation, average consumer prices, %1.8%4.4%-0.009%2.3%3.1%2.1%2%
Volume of imports of goods and services, %4.4%2.7%-10.8%8.4%


Volume of exports of goods and services, %4.2%1.4%-11.3%10.5%6.9%4.2%4.3%
Unemployment rate, % of total labor force7.5%7%8%8.4%7.8%8.1%8.2%
Current account balance, $ (billions)7.4-9.3-0.0404.
Current account balance, % of GDP1.6%-1.8%-0.009%1.05%0.5%0.8%1.3%


Source: IMF Statistics - Belgium


Le Luxembourg et le pays

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement 

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.

  • Convention from 17.09.1970 (Memorial 1971, A, p. 1763 )
  • Effective as of 30.12.1972 (Memorial 1973, A, p. 86)
  • Amendment to the Convention from 11.12.2002 (Memorial 2003, A, no. 195, pp.. 4070 )
  • Effective as of 20.12.2004 (Memorial 2005, A, no. 21, p. 432)
  • Amendment to the Convention and Exchange of letters from 07.16.2009
  • Act from 31.3.2010 (Memorial 2010, A, no. 51, p. 830 )
  • Not in force yet

Air Services agreement


Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Luxembourg


Plus d'informations

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact points in Belgium

Embassy of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in Belgium



75, avenue Cortenbergh
B-1000 Brussels
Tel: +32 2 737 57 00 / +32 2 737 0006 57
Fax: +32 2 737 57 10 (Embassy) / +32 2 737 57 09 (Consulate General)
E-mail: bruxelles.amb(at)mae.etat.lu

Honorary Consuls

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the Province of Namur: Mrs. Elisabeth de PITTEURS de BUDINGEN
15, Pommelée Vache
B-5080 La Bruyere
Tel: +32 81 51 28 51
Fax: +32 81 51 28 51

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the province of Liège:
Pr.Dr. Robert Ferdinand DONDELINGER

7, rue des Poètes
B-4121 Neuville en Condroz

Tel: +32 4 372 02 51 (Consulate)
Fax: +32 4 372 00 77 (Consulate)
Tel: +32 4 366 72 59 (office)
E-mail: rdondelinger(at)chu.ulg.ac.be

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the East Flanders: Mr. Paul VERSTRAETEN

Nijverheidskaai 4
9040 Sint-Amandsberg

Tél.: +32 9 228 07 27
Fax.: +32 9 219 93 58
Email: bk315191(at)skynet.be

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the West Flanders: Mr.Frank DECEUNINCK

Leopold II laan 14
B-8400 Oostende
Tel: +32 59 70 09 12
Fax: +32 59 80 49 69
E-mail: frank.deceuninck(at)defiac.be

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the Province of Antwerp: Mr. Laurent NOESEN

Bredastraat 153
B-2060 Antwerp
Tel: +32 3202 09 20
Fax: +32 3202 09 25
E-mail: mail(at)noesen.be

Source: www.awex.be

Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Belgium

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link: Ducroire Office - Country Risk for Belgium

Other useful links


La Chambre de Commerce et le pays

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