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Chambre de Commerce - Fiche d'information pays Dernière mise à jour: 10.01.2018

Vos conseillers à la Chambre de Commerce

  • Violaine Mathurin
  • Thomas Bertrand
Contactez-nous: latinamerica@cc.lu

Indicateurs clés

1,138,910 km2
46,736,728 (July 2015 est.)
Type de gouvernement
republic; executive branch dominates government structure
Spanish (official)
$667.4 billion (2015 est.)
Taux de croissance
3.1% (2015 est.)



Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A nearly five-decade long conflict between government forces and anti-government insurgent groups, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) heavily funded by the drug trade, escalated during the 1990s. More than 31,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia as a formal organization had ceased to function. In the wake of the paramilitary demobilization, emerging criminal groups arose, whose members include some former paramilitaries. The insurgents lack the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government, but continue attacks against civilians. Large areas of the countryside are under guerrilla influence or are contested by security forces. In October 2012, the Colombian Government started formal peace negotiations with the FARC aimed at reaching a definitive bilateral ceasefire and incorporating demobilized FARC members into mainstream society and politics. The Colombian Government has stepped up efforts to reassert government control throughout the country, and now has a presence in every one of its administrative departments. Despite decades of internal conflict and drug related security challenges, Colombia maintains relatively strong democratic institutions characterized by peaceful, transparent elections and the protection of civil liberties.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Colombia


Indicateurs macroéconomiques

Economic growth will continue to moderate in 2016, reflecting weak external conditions, low commodity prices and a slowdown in internal demand, but it will strengthen to 3% in 2017, as external demand recovers and the government’s infrastructure agenda is implemented. The current account deficit remains high and inflation is accelerating due to exchange rate depreciation and rising food prices resulting from El Niño. As the effects of these shocks dissipate, inflation will gradually come down in 2017.
Monetary policy has appropriately become less accommodative to anchor inflation expectations. Credit growth has weakened but inflation expectations remain high. The announced cut in public spending is appropriate to contain the headline fiscal deficit, but a comprehensive tax reform is required to increase progressivity, boost revenues and reduce the large inequalities in incomes.

Productivity growth has declined in recent years. Strengthening competitiveness through simplified customs procedures, infrastructure investment and streamlined regulation are needed to improve productivity in the medium term. The plans to broaden access to quality education will also contribute to productive transformation and allow the fruits of growth to be shared more equitably, increasing social cohesion. Reaching an agreement on the peace talks is crucial to boost confidence and investment.

Source: OECD - Economic Forecast

IMF Statistics:

Subject descriptor20142015201620172018
Gross domestic product, constant prices
Percent change
Gross domestic product, current prices
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices
U.S. dollars (Units)
Inflation, average consumer prices
Percent change
Volume of imports of goods and services
Percent change
Volume of exports of goods and services
Percent change
Unemployment rate
Percent of total labor force
Current account balance
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Current account balance
Percent of GDP
Colored cells are estimates

Source: IMF Statistics


Le Luxembourg et le pays

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement 

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.


Air Services agreement

Agreement between the Government of the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg and the Government of the Republic of Chile concerning air services between their respective territories, signed at Luxembourg on 25 February 2002, hereinafter referred to as "Chile-Luxembourg Agreement",

Source: EUR-Lex - Access to European Union Law




Plus d'informations

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact points in Colombia

Luxembourg is represented by the Royal Embassy of the Netherlands situated in Bogota.

Economic and Commercial Attache (AWEX)

Commercial Secretary:

Ms. Marjorie INGHELS


Calle 92 No 11 – 51 Of. 503
Tel : + 57 1 744 95 54
GSM : + 57 310 2700464
E-Mail: m.inghels@awexbogota.co / bogota(at)awex-wallonia.com

Source: http://www.awex.be

Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Colombia

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link: Ducroire Office - Country Risk for Colombia

Other useful links