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Chamber of Commerce Country Factsheet Last update: 10.01.2018

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  • Thomas Bertrand
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Key Indicators

1,285,216 km2
30,444,999 (July 2015 est.)
Government type
constitutional republic
Spanish (official) 84.1%, Quechua (official) 13%, Aymara 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.7%, other 0.2% (2007 Census)
$389.1 billion (2015 est.)
Growth rate
3.3% (2015 est.)



Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces were defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his resignation in 2000. A caretaker government oversaw a new election in the spring of 2001, which installed Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique as the new head of government - Peru's first democratically elected president of indigenous ethnicity. The presidential election of 2006 saw the return of Alan GARCIA Perez who, after a disappointing presidential term from 1985 to 1990, oversaw a robust economic rebound. In June 2011, former army officer Ollanta HUMALA Tasso was elected president; he has carried on the sound, market-oriented economic policies of the three preceding administrations.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Peru


Macroeconomic indicators

IMF Statistics:

Subject descriptor20142015201620172018
Gross domestic product, constant prices
Percent change
Gross domestic product, current prices
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices
U.S. dollars (Units)
Inflation, average consumer prices
Percent change
Volume of imports of goods and services
Percent change
Volume of exports of goods and services
Percent change
Unemployment rate
Percent of total labor force
Current account balance
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Current account balance
Percent of GDP
Colored cells are estimates

Source: IMF Statistics


Luxembourg and the country

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement 

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.


Air Services agreement



Source: Administration des contributions directes




Further information

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact points in Peru

Luxembourg is represented by the the Royal Embassy of the Netherlands situated in Lima.

Economic and Commercial Attaché (FIT)

Pieter EMBO
Representación Económica de Flandesc/o Embajada de Bélgica
Avenida Angamos Oeste, 380 Miraflores
18 Lima

Tel: +51 1 241 75 66
E-mail: lima(at)

Honorary Consul

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction in Peru:

Mr. Ivan DIBOS
Avenida Aurelio Miro Quesada 164
3 piso Lima, Peru 27

Tel: +51 1 4452596/+51 1 994 0400003
Fax: +51 1221 7275
Email: ivandibos(at) 


Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Peru

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.


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