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Algeria
Chamber of Commerce Country Factsheet Last update: 12.07.2018

Your advisors at the Chamber of Commerce

  • Sabrina Aksil
    +352423939374
  • Thomas Bertrand
    +352423939337
Contact us: maghreb@cc.lu

Key Indicators

Area
2,381,741 km2
Population
40,969,443 (July 2017 est.)
Government type
republic
Languages
Arabic (official), French (lingua franca), Berber or Tamazight (official); dialects include Kabyle Berber (Taqbaylit), Shawiya Berber (Tacawit), Mzab Berber, Tuareg Berber (Tamahaq)
GDP
$629.3 billion (2017 est.)
Growth rate
1.5% (2017 est.)
HDI
84
Capital
Algiers

 

Introduction

After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), was established in 1954 as part of the struggle for independence and has since largely dominated politics. The Government of Algeria in 1988 instituted a multi-party system in response to public unrest, but the surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 legislative elections led the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. Fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense violence from 1992-98, resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s, and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000.

Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA, with the backing of the military, won the presidency in 1999 in an election that was boycotted by several candidates protesting alleged fraud, and won subsequent elections in 2004, 2009, and 2014. The government in 2011 introduced some political reforms in response to the Arab Spring, including lifting the 19-year-old state of emergency restrictions and increasing women's quotas for elected assemblies, while also increasing subsidies to the populace. Since 2014, Algeria’s reliance on hydrocarbon revenues to fund the government and finance the large subsidies for the population has fallen under stress because of declining oil prices.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Algeria

 

Macroeconomic indicators

Algeria's economy remains dominated by the state, a legacy of the country's socialist post-independence development model. In recent years the Algerian Government has halted the privatization of state-owned industries and imposed restrictions on imports and foreign involvement in its economy, pursuing an explicit import substitution policy.

Hydrocarbons have long been the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 30% of GDP, 60% of budget revenues, and nearly 95% of export earnings. Algeria has the 10th-largest reserves of natural gas in the world - including the 3rd-largest reserves of shale gas - and is the 6th-largest gas exporter. It ranks 16th in proven oil reserves. Hydrocarbon exports enabled Algeria to maintain macroeconomic stability, amass large foreign currency reserves, and maintain low external debt while global oil prices were high. With lower oil prices since 2014, Algeria’s foreign exchange reserves have declined by more than half and its oil stabilization fund has decreased from about $20 billion at the end of 2013 to about $7 billion in 2017, which is the statutory minimum.

Declining oil prices have also reduced the government’s ability to use state-driven growth to distribute rents and fund generous public subsidies, and the government has been under pressure to reduce spending. Over the past three years, the government has enacted incremental increases in some taxes, resulting in modest increases in prices for gasoline, cigarettes, alcohol, and certain imported goods, but it has refrained from reducing subsidies, particularly for education, healthcare, and housing programs.

Algiers has increased protectionist measures since 2015 to limit its import bill and encourage domestic production of non-oil and gas industries. Since 2015, the government has imposed additional restrictions on access to foreign exchange for imports, and import quotas for specific products, such as cars. In January 2018 the government imposed an indefinite suspension on the importation of roughly 850 products, subject to periodic review.

President BOUTEFLIKA announced in fall 2017 that Algeria intends to develop its non-conventional energy resources. Algeria has struggled to develop non-hydrocarbon industries because of heavy regulation and an emphasis on state-driven growth. Algeria has not increased non-hydrocarbon exports, and hydrocarbon exports have declined because of field depletion and increased domestic demand.

Long-term economic challenges include diversifying the economy away from its reliance on hydrocarbon exports, bolstering the private sector, attracting foreign investment, and providing adequate jobs for younger Algerians.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Algeria

 IMF Statistics: 

Subject descriptor20142015201620172018
Gross domestic product, constant prices
Percent change
3.8003.9003.5742.9122.631
Gross domestic product, current prices
U.S. dollars (Billions)
213.518166.838168.318178.431184.189
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices
U.S. dollars (Units)
5,458.8754,174.8234,129.2684,295.7314,351.671
Inflation, average consumer prices
Percent change
2.9174.7845.9004.8004.300
Volume of imports of goods and services
Percent change
10.061-7.138-6.3906.286-5.880
Volume of exports of goods and services
Percent change
0.3115.3723.023-0.1351.584
Unemployment rate
Percent of total labor force
10.60011.1949.89910.43011.119
Current account balance
U.S. dollars (Billions)
-9.436-27.452-25.342-24.480-18.765
Current account balance
Percent of GDP
-4.419-16.454-15.056-13.720-10.188
Colored cells are estimates

Source: IMF Statistics - Algeria

 

Luxembourg and the country

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement 

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.

None

Air Services agreement

None

 

Further information

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact point in Algeria

Luxembourg is represented by the Royal Embassy of the Netherlands situated in Alger

Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Luxembourg

 

Economic and Commercial Attaché (B.E.) in charge of Algeria

Economic and Commercial AttachéMr Sébastien Hardy

 

Economic and Trade Office
24, rue Mohamed Djemaa Khidir
16306 Ben Aknoun-Algeria
Tel.: (+213) 23 18 71 76 / 77 / 78
Fax: (+213) 23 18 71 79
E-mail: algiers@hub.brussels / shardy@hub.brussels

Source: invest-export.brussels

 

Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Algeria

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link: Ducroire Office - Country Risk for Algeria

 

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