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Australia
Chambre de Commerce - Fiche d'information pays Dernière mise à jour: 07.02.2017

Indicateurs clés

Région
7,741,220 km2
Population
22,751,014 (July 2015 est.)
Type de gouvernement
federal parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
Langues
English 78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, Italian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese 1%, other 8.2%, unspecified 5.7% (2006 Census)
PIB
$1.489 trillion (2015 est.)
Taux de croissance
2.5% (2015 est.)
IHD
2
Capitale
Canberra

 

Introduction

Prehistoric settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia at least 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession of the east coast in the name of Great Britain (all of Australia was claimed as British territory in 1829 with the creation of the colony of Western Australia). Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the Allied effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has become an internationally competitive, advanced market economy due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s and its location in one of the fastest growing regions of the world economy. Long-term concerns include aging of the population, pressure on infrastructure, and environmental issues such as floods, droughts, and bushfires. Australia is the driest inhabited continent on earth, making it particularly vulnerable to the challenges of climate change. Australia is home to 10 per cent of the world's biodiversity, and a great number of its flora and fauna exist nowhere else in the world. In January 2013, Australia assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Australia

 

Indicateurs macroéconomiques

Output growth will gradually strengthen towards 3% in 2017. Adjustment to declining resource-sector investment will continue. Growth in the non-resource sector will pick up, aided by dollar depreciation and a steady increase in household consumption. Further falls in the rate of unemployment are not expected to generate strong inflationary pressures and will help reduce inequality.

With receding risks from the housing boom, there is leeway for further monetary policy easing in the event of a new downturn. Close vigilance on housing-market developments is still required. Fiscal consolidation should be back-loaded in light of economic uncertainties. Tax reform should be a core element of structural policy.
Boosting productivity in Australia requires a focus on innovation. Targeted R&D policy, university-business linkages and effectiveness and efficiency of financial support for research are important. Ensuring strong competition, regulation that accommodates new internet-platform-based businesses, sound ICT infrastructure and continuing education reform are also key for productivity performance. In addition, education reform will boost inclusiveness through stronger low-end skills and better ICT infrastructure can reduce gaps in economic opportunity by improving access in rural areas.

Source: OECD - Economic Forecast  

IFM Statistics:

Subject Descriptor

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

GDP, constant prices, %

1.3%

2.6%

1.7%

3.3%

3.4%

GDP, current prices, $ (billions)

988.5

1,237.3

1,507.4

1,572.3

1,635.3

GDP per capita, current prices, $ (units)

45,034.3

55,671.6

66,983.9

69,007.1

70,887.8

Inflation, average consumer prices, %

1.8%

2.8%

3.5%

3.3%

3.4%

Volume of imports of goods and services, %

-9.1%

13.7%

9.8%

9.4%

7.2%

Volume of exports of goods and services, %

2.7%

5.6%

-1.8%

7.6%

6.5%

Unemployment rate, % of total labor force

5.5%

5.2%

4.9%

4.8%

4.8%

Current account balance, $ (billions)

-41.8

-33.1

-32.8

-73.4

-88.3

Current account balance, % of GDP

-4.2%

-2.6%

-2.1%

-4.6%

-5.4%

 

Source: IMF Statistics - Australia

 

Le Luxembourg et le pays

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement 

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.

None

Air Services agreement

Initiated 27 April 1999, currently just an interim agreement

Source: Australia's Air Services Agreements/Arrangements

 

 

 

Plus d'informations

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact points in Australia

Honorary Consul

Honorary Consul General with jurisdiction over Australia: Mr.Roderick McGEOCH

Corrshambers Westgarth,
Governor Phillip Tower,
1 Farrer Place
Sydney, NSW 2000

Tel: +61 2 9210 6868
Fax: +61 2 9210 6728
E-mail: rod.mcgeoch@corrs.com.au

Economic and Commercial Attaché (FIT):      

Mr. Luca BOTTALLO

FLANDERS INVESTMENT & TRADE Australia Pty Ltd
103/838 Collins Street
Docklands VIC 3008
Australia

Tel: +61 3 9614 0980
Fax: +61 406 495 477
E-mail: luca.bottallo@fitagency.com

Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Luxembourg     Source: www.flanderstrade.com 

Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Australia

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link: Ducroire Office - Country Risk for Australia

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