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Macedonia
Chambre de Commerce - Fiche d'information pays Dernière mise à jour: 06.02.2017

Indicateurs clés

Région
25,713 km2
Population
2,096,015 (July 2015 est.)
Type de gouvernement
parliamentary democracy
Langues
Macedonian (official) 66.5%, Albanian (official) 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 census)
PIB
$29.04 billion (2015 est.)
Taux de croissance
3.7% (2015 est.)
IHD
81
Capitale
Skopje

 

Introduction

Macedonia gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991. Greek objection to Macedonia’s name, insisting it implies territorial pretensions to the northern Greek province of the same name, have stalled the country’s movement toward Euro-Atlantic integration. Immediately after Macedonia declared independence, Greece sought to block Macedonian efforts to gain UN membership if the name “Macedonia” was used. Macedonia was eventually admitted to the UN in 1993 as “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,” and at the same time it agreed to UN-sponsored negotiations on the name dispute. In 1995, Greece lifted a 20-month trade embargo and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, but the issue of the name remained unresolved and negotiations for a solution are ongoing. Since 2004, the US and over 130 other nations have recognized Macedonia by its constitutional name, Republic of Macedonia. Ethnic Albanian grievances over perceived political and economic inequities escalated into an insurgency in 2001 that eventually led to the internationally brokered Ohrid Framework Agreement, which ended the fighting and established guidelines for constitutional amendments and the creation of new laws that enhanced the rights of minorities. Relations between Macedonians and ethnic Albanians remain fragile, however. Although Macedonia became an EU candidate in 2005, the country still faces challenges, including overcoming the ongoing political crisis that began in 2015 when opposition party SDSM began releasing wiretap content that it alleged showed widespread government corruption, the ongoing migration crisis, fully implementing the Framework Agreement, resolving the outstanding name dispute with Greece, improving relations with Bulgaria, halting democratic backsliding, and stimulating economic growth and development. Macedonia's membership in NATO was blocked by Greece at the Alliance's Summit of Bucharest in 2008.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Moldova

 

Indicateurs macroéconomiques

IMF Statistics: 

Subject descriptor20142015201620172018
Gross domestic product, constant prices
Percent change
3.5413.6652.2003.5003.500
Gross domestic product, current prices
U.S. dollars (Billions)
11.33410.08910.49211.10511.735
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices
U.S. dollars (Units)
5,477.6494,870.8125,060.1855,350.3545,647.964
Inflation, average consumer prices
Percent change
-0.134-0.2490.0960.7501.500
Volume of imports of goods and services
Percent change
15.9852.3965.9066.8686.789
Volume of exports of goods and services
Percent change
18.2154.6065.3568.1498.486
Unemployment rate
Percent of total labor force
28.02526.05025.40224.80924.294
Current account balance
U.S. dollars (Billions)
-0.091-0.141-0.194-0.263-0.294
Current account balance
Percent of GDP
-0.806-1.400-1.845-2.369-2.504
Colored cells are estimates

Source: IMF Statistics - Macedonia

 

Le Luxembourg et le pays

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement 

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.

  • Convention from 15.05.2012 (Memorial A N°114, page 1747) effective on 01.01.2014

Air Services agreement

None

Source: Administration des Contributions Directes

 

Plus d'informations

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact point in Macedonia

Ambassador with residence in Luxembourg:

Mr. Marc HÜBSCH

Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development
6, rue de l'Ancien Athénée
L-1144 Luxembourg

Economic and Commercial Attaché (AWEX)

Mrs. Anne DEFOURNY 
19, Frederik Zholio Kyuri
Bat. 1 and 12, App. 22
Sofia 1113

Tel: +436/460/359 2 97 97 435 /461
Fax: +359 2 97 97 435
E-mail: sofia(at)awex-wallonia.com 

Source: http://www.awex.be

Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Macedonia

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link: Ducroire Office - Country Risk for Macedonia

Other useful links