Votre partenaire pour la réussite

Japan
Chambre de Commerce - Fiche d'information pays Dernière mise à jour: 07.02.2017

Indicateurs clés

Région
377,915 km2
Population
126,919,659 (July 2015 est.)
Type de gouvernement
a parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy
Langues
Japanese
PIB
$4.83 trillion (2015 est.)
Taux de croissance
0.5% (2015 est.)
IHD
20
Capitale
Tokyo

 

Introduction

In 1603, after decades of civil warfare, the Tokugawa shogunate (a military-led, dynastic government) ushered in a long period of relative political stability and isolation from foreign influence. For more than two centuries this policy enabled Japan to enjoy a flowering of its indigenous culture. Japan opened its ports after signing the Treaty of Kanagawa with the US in 1854 and began to intensively modernize and industrialize. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Japan became a regional power that was able to defeat the forces of both China and Russia. It occupied Korea, Formosa (Taiwan), and southern Sakhalin Island. In 1931-32 Japan occupied Manchuria, and in 1937 it launched a full-scale invasion of China. Japan attacked US forces in 1941 - triggering America's entry into World War II - and soon occupied much of East and Southeast Asia. After its defeat in World War II, Japan recovered to become an economic power and an ally of the US. While the emperor retains his throne as a symbol of national unity, elected politicians hold actual decision-making power. Following three decades of unprecedented growth, Japan's economy experienced a major slowdown starting in the 1990s, but the country remains an economic power. In March 2011, Japan's strongest-ever earthquake, and an accompanying tsunami, devastated the northeast part of Honshu island, killed thousands, and damaged several nuclear power plants. The catastrophe hobbled the country's economy and its energy infrastructure, and tested its ability to deal with humanitarian disasters. Prime Minister Shinzo ABE was reelected to office in December 2012, and has since embarked on ambitious economic and security reforms to improve Japan's economy and bolster the country's international standing.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Japan

 

Indicateurs macroéconomiques

Output growth has been slowed by a drop in demand from China and other Asian countries and by sluggish private consumption. Growth is projected to be around 0.7% in 2016 and 0.4% in 2017, as labour and capacity shortages and record-high corporate profits support business investment, employment and wages. The impact of the consumption tax hike planned for 2017 is expected to be partially offset by a pick-up in exports.

Raising output growth is essential to reduce the ratio of public debt to GDP, which will reach 234% in 2017. To achieve a primary budget surplus and maintain confidence in Japan’s public finances, it is necessary to implement a more detailed and concrete strategy to reduce spending and raise revenue, including by gradual increases in the consumption tax rate. Continuing the quantitative and qualitative easing policy until the 2% inflation target has been sustainably achieved is also necessary.

Structural reform to raise productivity is fundamental to long-term growth. Narrowing the productivity gap with the top half of OECD countries requires bold reforms, such as enhancing trade integration through the Trans-Pacific Partnership and other agreements, and increasing business-sector dynamism through improved corporate governance and regulatory reform. Boosting investment in knowledge-based capital, such as vocational education and training, is also essential to spur productivity growth.

Source: OECD - Economic Forecast

IMF Statistics:

Subject descriptor20142015201620172018
Gross domestic product, constant prices
Percent change
-0.0280.5390.5100.5630.453
Gross domestic product, current prices
U.S. dollars (Billions)
4,595.5194,124.2114,730.3005,106.2595,230.423
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices
U.S. dollars (Units)
36,151.17632,478.89737,304.14040,408.35941,550.889
Inflation, average consumer prices
Percent change
2.7610.792-0.1620.4940.626
Volume of imports of goods and services
Percent change
7.2420.308-0.8242.2642.561
Volume of exports of goods and services
Percent change
8.3172.799-1.4370.6392.030
Unemployment rate
Percent of total labor force
3.5833.3673.1833.1973.197
Current account balance
U.S. dollars (Billions)
36.477135.580176.098171.024174.604
Current account balance
Percent of GDP
0.7943.2873.7233.3493.338
Colored cells are estimates

Source: IMF Statistics

 

Le Luxembourg et le pays

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.

  • Convention from 03.05.1992 (Memorial 1992, A, p. 2523)
  • Effective as of 27.12.1992 (Memorial 1992, A, p. 3164)
  • Protocol and Exchange of letters from 25.01.2010
  • Law from 16.07.2011 (Memorial 2011, A, no. 146, p. And 2024)
  • Effective as of 30.12.2011

Air Services agreement

None

Source: Administration des contributions directes

 

Plus d'informations

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact points in Japan

Embassy of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in Japan

Ambassador:

He Mrs Béatrice KIRSCH


Luxembourg House 1F
8-9 Chiyoda-Ku Yonbancho
Tokyo102-0081

Tel: +81 3 32 65 96 21
Fax: +81 3 32 65 96 24
Email: tokyo.amb(at)mae.etat.lu
Web: http://tokyo.mae.lu

Luxembourg Trade and Investment Office in Japan

Executive Director:

Mrs. Yuriko MATSUNO
Te: +81 33 26 59 621
Email: yuriko.matsuno(at)mae.etat.lu
Web: http://www.investinluxembourg.jp/

Economic and Commercial Attachés (AWEX)

Economic and Commercial Attaché with jurisdiction in Kinki, Chubu (Aichi, Fukui, Gifu, Ishikawa, Toyama), Chugoku, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa districts: 

Yoko NORITAKE 

Hanshin Sakurabashi Sankei Bldg. 10 F
2-4-13, Umeda, Kita-ku Osaka 530-0001

Tel: +81 6 63 45 22 31
Fax: +81 6 63 4522 32
E-mail: osaka(at)awex-wallonia.com

Economic and Commercial Attaché with jurisdiction in Hokkaido, Tohoku, Kanto, Chubu (Nagano, Niigata, Shizuoka, Yamanashi):

Yuka MORITA 

5-4 Nibancho
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0084

Tel: +81 3 32 62 09 51
Fax: +81 3 32 62 03 98
E-mail: tokyo(at)awex-wallonia.com

Honorary Consuls

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction in the prefectures of Osaka, Mie, Nara, Wakayama, Shiga, Kyoto and Hyogo: 

Mr. Shigehiko HATTORI

c/o Shimadzu Corporation
1, Nishinokyo, Kuwabana-cho, Nakagyo-ku
Kyoto 604-8511

Tel: +81 75 823 1000
Fax: +81 75 823 1040

Honorary Consul General with jurisdiction in Japan (Tokyo):

Mr. Hajime Sawabe

TDK Corporation
13-1 Nihonbashi 1-chome
Chuo-Ku,
Tokyo 103-8272 Japan

Tel: (+81) 3 52 01-7111
Fax: (+81) 3 52 01-7112
E-Mail: nmaki@jp.tdk.com

Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs Luxembourg

Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Japan

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link: Ducroire Office - Country Risk for Japan

Luxembourg for Business market entry guide to Japan:

Market entry guides are brochure series published by the Ministry of the Economy. The series focuses on worldwide markets, industries and business environments, providing comprehensive and in-depth analysis and guidelines. The brochures cover all aspects relating to a market entry including the economic, financial and legal frameworks. The brochures are a vast knowledge pool, compiled into a practice oriented document with many tips and important addresses.

Other useful links