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Indonesia
Chambre de Commerce - Fiche d'information pays Dernière mise à jour: 15.05.2017

Vos conseillers à la Chambre de Commerce

  • Sabrina Aksil
    +352423939374
  • Shi Na
    +352423939364
Contactez-nous: asia@cc.lu

Indicateurs clés

Région
1,904,569 km2
Population
258,316,051 (July 2016 est.)
Type de gouvernement
republic
Langues
Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (of which the most widely spoken is Javanese)
PIB
$2.842 trillion (2015 est.)
Taux de croissance
4.9% (2016 est.)
IHD
110
Capitale
Jakarta

 

Introduction

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence after Japan's surrender, but it required four years of intermittent negotiations, recurring hostilities, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. Free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999 after decades of repressive rule. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and home to the world's largest Muslim population. Current issues include: alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling infectious diseases, particularly those of global and regional importance. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance by the separatist Free Papua Movement.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Indonesia

 

Indicateurs macroéconomiques

GDP growth has been high and is set to edge up in 2017 and 2018. Government infrastructure spending continues to underpin economic activity, and both private consumption and private investment are showing signs of firming. The current account deficit is projected to be stable.

The central bank has eased rates six times since the beginning of the year. The government has released a string of reform packages over the past year to improve the business environment, streamline investment and liberalise inward investment. There should be scope for a few more interest rate cuts in the medium term, as inflation is projected to remain subdued. However, the fiscal balance is deteriorating owing to slower growth and low commodity prices. Public expenditure is being reined in to avoid breaching the legal deficit limit of 3% of GDP.

The government’s priority has been to lift spending on infrastructure and social services, notably health and education. This policy is welcome as it will raise growth and make it more inclusive. However, the deficit's proximity to its legal ceiling has led to cuts in planned expenditure. While an ongoing tax amnesty may help ease this constraint in the short term, in the longer term tax revenues, which are very low, will have to be boosted. Policies are needed to address the narrow tax base, the low number of taxpayers and weak compliance

 

Source: OECD - Economic Forecast

 IMF Statistics:

 

Subject descriptor20142015201620172018
Gross domestic product, constant prices
Percent change
5.0244.7944.9355.3005.500
Gross domestic product, current prices
U.S. dollars (Billions)
890.597858.953940.9531,014.8671,096.902
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices
U.S. dollars (Units)
3,531.8043,362.3573,635.8053,870.7984,129.696
Inflation, average consumer prices
Percent change
6.3956.3633.6584.1524.399
Volume of imports of goods and services
Percent change
-0.940-5.3826.5297.6737.858
Volume of exports of goods and services
Percent change
0.850-1.5843.7998.1107.838
Unemployment rate
Percent of total labor force
5.9406.1805.6005.6505.550
Current account balance
U.S. dollars (Billions)
-27.510-17.654-21.281-23.686-26.744
Current account balance
Percent of GDP
-3.089-2.055-2.262-2.334-2.438
Colored cells are estimates

Source: IMF Statistics - Indonesia

 

Le Luxembourg et le pays

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement 

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.

  • Convention from 14.01.1993 (Memorial 1993, A, p. 2165 )
  • Effective as of 1.01.1995 (Memorial 1994, A, p. 516)

Source: Administration des Contributions Directes

Air Services agreement

None

 

Plus d'informations

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact points in Indonesia

Embassy of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in Thailand

Ambassador with residence in Bangkok: Mr. Robert Lauer

Q House Lumpini 17th Floor
1 South Sathorn Road
Tungmahamek Sathorn
Bangkok 10120 Thailand

Tel.: +66 2 677 7360
Fax: +66 2 677 7364
Email: bangkok.amb(at)mae.etat.lu 

Economic and Commercial Attaché (FIT): 

Nathalie Surmont

Deutsche Bank Building, 16th floor
80, Jalan Iman Bonjol
ID - 10310 Jakarta

Tel: +62 21 316 2036
Fax: +62 21 316 2038
E-mail: jakarta(at)fitagency.com

Conseiller du Commerce extérieur à Jakarta

Monsieur Joseph SPARTZ

5 Jalan Raya 
Tanjung Barat,
Pasar Minggu, 
Jakarta Selatan

Tél.: (+62) 21 780 66 82 
Fax: (+62) 21 780 74 71
E-mail: bwspartz(at)rad.net.id

Honorary Consul

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction in the territory of Indonesia:

Mr.Ted P.SULISTO

SATMARINDO bldg
Jalan Ampera Raya 5
Jakarta 12560 Indonesia

Tel: +62 21 7883 6682
Fax: +62 21 7883 7304
E-Mail: tedsulisto(at)yahoo.com
E-Mail: tsd101(at)cbn.net.id

Source: www.mae.lu
Source: www.flanderstrade.com

Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Indonesia

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link: Ducroire Office - Country Risk for Indonesia

Other Useful Links: