Votre partenaire pour la réussite

Costa Rica
Chambre de Commerce - Fiche d'information pays Dernière mise à jour: 10.01.2018

Vos conseillers à la Chambre de Commerce

  • Violaine Mathurin
  • Thomas Bertrand
Contactez-nous: latinamerica@cc.lu

Indicateurs clés

51,100 km2
4,814,144 (July 2015 est.)
Type de gouvernement
democratic republic
Spanish (official), English
$74.89 billion (2015 est.)
Taux de croissance
3.7% (2015 est.)
San Jose



Although explored by the Spanish early in the 16th century, initial attempts at colonizing Costa Rica proved unsuccessful due to a combination of factors, including: disease from mosquito-infested swamps, brutal heat, resistance by natives, and pirate raids. It was not until 1563 that a permanent settlement of Cartago was established in the cooler, fertile central highlands. The area remained a colony for some two and a half centuries. In 1821, Costa Rica became one of several Central American provinces that jointly declared their independence from Spain. Two years later it joined the United Provinces of Central America, but this federation disintegrated in 1838, at which time Costa Rica proclaimed its sovereignty and independence. Since the late 19th century, only two brief periods of violence have marred the country's democratic development. In 1949, Costa Rica dissolved its armed forces. Although it still maintains a large agricultural sector, Costa Rica has expanded its economy to include strong technology and tourism industries. The standard of living is relatively high. Land ownership is widespread.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Costa Rica


Indicateurs macroéconomiques

After weak growth last year, activity is set to accelerate in 2016-17. Domestic demand is projected to be the main driver, but exports will also recover as world markets regain momentum. The unemployment rate is likely to remain above 9%. After falling temporarily into negative territory at the end of 2015, inflation will slowly return to the central bank’s target as the economy strengthens.

Public debt has continued to increase and reached 42.4% of GDP in 2015. With credit rating agencies having a negative outlook and bond investors requiring high risk spreads, measures to restore fiscal sustainability have become urgent. The reforms proposed by the government, if approved and implemented, would be just enough to stabilise the debt-to-GDP ratio at the current level. But additional measures, such as further tax reform and reforming public employment, will be needed to ensure more robust debt sustainability.

Disappointing labour productivity growth calls for measures to promote innovation, competition and transport infrastructure. Such reforms need to go together with making Costa Rica a more inclusive society by improving the quality of education and reducing gender inequalities.

Source: OECD Economic Forecast 

IMF Statistics:

Subject descriptor20142015201620172018
Gross domestic product, constant prices
Percent change
Gross domestic product, current prices
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices
U.S. dollars (Units)
Inflation, average consumer prices
Percent change
Volume of imports of goods and services
Percent change
Volume of exports of goods and services
Percent change
Unemployment rate
Percent of total labor force
Current account balance
U.S. dollars (Billions)
Current account balance
Percent of GDP
Colored cells are estimates

Source : IMF Statistics


Le Luxembourg et le pays

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement 

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.


Air Services agreement

- Agreement from 09.06.1961 (Memorial 1965, A, p. 294 )
- Effective as of 07.07.1967 (Memorial 1967, A, p. 898)
- Additional Protocol from 02.12.1962 (Memorial 1965, A, p. 294 )
- Effective as of 07.07.1967 (Memorial 1967, A, p. 898)

Source: Administration des contributions directes


Plus d'informations

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact points for Costa Rica

Honorary consul with jurisdiction of Costa Rica :


Liberia Universal
Avenida Central, Calle 1era
AP 1532-1000 San José
T: +506 2243 0221
M: +506 2243 0246
E-mail: rfederspiel@guniversalcr.com

Economic and Commercial Attaché (AWEX):  

Bernard GEENEN 

3330 Garfield Street NW
Washington, DC 20008-5852

Tel: 1-202-625.58.52
Fax: 1-202-625.62.52

E-mail: washington(at)awex-wallonia.com

Source: www.awex.com 

Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Costa Rica

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link: http://www.ducroire.lu/en/node/41?country=63

Other useful links: