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Chambre de Commerce - Fiche d'information pays Dernière mise à jour: 15.05.2017

Vos conseillers à la Chambre de Commerce

  • Diana Rutledge
  • Edith Stein
Contactez-nous: northamerica@cc.lu

Indicateurs clés

9,984,670 km2
35,099,836 (July 2015 est.)
Type de gouvernement
a parliamentary democracy, a federation, and a constitutional monarchy
English (official) 58.8%, French (official) 21.6%, other 19.6% (2006 Census)
$1.632 trillion (2015 est.)
Taux de croissance
1.2% (2015 est.)



A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the World's longest unfortified border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec. Canada also aims to develop its diverse energy resources while maintaining its commitment to the environment.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Canada  


Indicateurs macroéconomiques

Economic growth is projected to strengthen in 2016 and reach 2.2% in 2017. As the contraction in the resource sector slows, activity in the rest of the economy is projected to gain traction. Non-energy exports should continue to benefit from the earlier depreciation and strengthening export market growth. Consumer price inflation is projected to rise to around 2% as the effect of falling gasoline prices fades and excess capacity is gradually eliminated.
The moderately expansionary policy stance in the 2016 federal budget will help the economy return to full employment. In the medium term however, in light of provinces’ unfavourable debt dynamics, the government should adopt ambitious medium-term debt and budget balance objectives to ensure that general government debt remains sustainable. Gradual increases in policy interest rates are assumed from late 2016 to stabilise inflation at around 2%. Macro-prudential measures should be tightened further and targeted regionally to reduce financial-stability risks from high household debt and house prices.
Reducing barriers to foreign direct investment in telecommunications and broadcasting and air transportation would boost productivity and reduce quality-adjusted prices. Such measures would also disproportionately benefit lower- and middle-income households. Boosting inter-provincial competition by liberalising electricity generation and distribution and reducing barriers to internal trade would have similar effects. Replacing the tax preference for small companies by targeted measures for small businesses having difficulty obtaining finance would also boost productivity.

Source: OECD - Economic Forecast

IMF Statistics: 

Subject Descriptor200920102011201220132014
GDP, constant prices, %-2.7%3.2%2.1%1.9%2.5%2,5%
GDP, current prices, $ (billions)1,337.51,577.11,777.0


GDP per capita, current prices, $ (units)39,727.747,465.351,599.552,775.253,953.855,681.1
Inflation, average consumer prices, %0.3%1.7%2.9%2.1%0.9%1,9%
Volume of imports of goods and services, %-19.2%25.5%


Volume of exports of goods and services, %-19.5%18.1%9.3%3.6%4.4%5,4%
Unemployment rate, % of total labor force8.3%7.9%7.7%7.7%7.2%6,9%
Current account balance, $ (billions)-39.5-49.3-58.7-69.6-56,3-43,5
Current account balance, % of GDP-2.9%-3.1%-3.4%-3.8%-3.5%-2,2%


Source: IMF Statistics - Canada


Le Luxembourg et le pays

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement 

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.

  • Convention from 01.17.1989 (Memorial 1991, A, p. 465 )
  • Effective as of 07.08.1991 (Memorial 1991, A, p. 1368)
  • Convention from10.9.1999  (Memorial 2000, A, no. 89, p. 2077 )
  • Effective as of 17.10.2000 (Memorial 2000, A, p. 2948)

Air Services agreement

  • Agreement from 06.23.2003
  • Effective as of 23.06.2003

Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Luxembourg 


Plus d'informations

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact points in Canada

Embassy of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in Canada

Ambassador with residence in Washington: Ms. Sylvie LUCAS

2200 Massachusetts Avenue N. W.
Washington, D.C. 20008

Tel: (+1-202) 265-4171 / 72
Fax: (+1-202) 328-8270
Email: washington.amb(at)mae.etat.lu

Economic and Commercial Attachés (AWEX)

Economic and Commercial Attaché with jurisdiction in Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador : Mr. Daniel de PATOUL 

Office 4115
1250 Rene-Levesque Ouest, H3B 4W8
Montreal (Quebec)

Tel: +1 514 939 40 49
Fax: +1 514 939 39 49
E-mail: montreal(at)awex-wallonia.com

Economic and Commercial Attaché: Mr. Frank Murari

2 Bloor Street West, Suite 2508 Box 86
Toronto, ON M4W 3E2

Tel: 1-416-515.77.77
Fax: 1-416-515.77.74
E-mail: toronto(at)awex-wallonia.com

Annuler les modificationsHonorary consuls

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the provinces of Alberta,
Yukon and Saskatchewan and the Northwest Territories: Mr. Z.G. HAVLENA

8944 Bayridge Drive, S.W.
Calgary, Alberta T2V 3M8 Canada Montreal

Teknica Overseas Ltd..
2500, 530 - 8th Ave SW
Calgary Alberta Canada T2P 3S8

Tel: +1 403 262 55 76
Fax: +1 403 262 35 56 / +1 403 266 43 95


Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over Quebec and the Atlantic provinces of Canada: Ms. Alain COTE

1 Place Ville marie, Suite 3000
Montreal, QC H3B 4T9

Tel: + 1 514 393 5317 / + 1 514 926 5317
Fax: +1 514 390 4111
E-mail: acote@deloitte.ca

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the Province of British Columbia:  Mr. Ron L. BOZZER

Hungerford Tomyn Lawrenson and Nichols.
Barristers & Solicitors
1100 Cathedral Place
925 West Georgia Street
Vancouver, B.C. Canada V6C 3L2

Tel: + 001 604 408 5616
Fax: + 001 604 408 5637
E-mail: rbozzer(at)luxembourg.ca 

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over the Capital Region and Ottawa: Mr. Paul G. WILLOX
World Echange Plaza
45 O'Connor Street, Suite 1150
Ottawa, Ontario K1P 1A4
Tel: +1 613 755 4091 / +1 613 816 1955
Fax: +1 613 237 9145
E-mail: luxconsulottawa(at)gmail.com

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction over Ontario: Ms. Shauneen Elizabeth BRUDER
Royal Bank of Canada
310 Front Street West 2d, Floor
Toronto, Ontario M%V 3B

Tel: +1 416 955 7767
Fax: +1 416 955 8687
E-mail: shauneen.e.bruder(at)rbc.com

Source: www.mae.lu 
Source: www.awex.be 

Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Canada

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link: Office du Ducroire - Country Risk Canada 


Additional information on Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver and Calgary.


- Canada's financial and business capital

- GDP of $260 billion

- 6 million regional inhabitants

- Largest natural resources stock exchange in the world

- 82 companies with over $1 billion in annual revenues

- Over 196,000 businesses

- $70 billion in goods and services exported annually

- Workforce of 3.2 million

- Well-educated and culturally-diverse population

Sector strengths: Financial services, Technology, Life Sciences, Clean-Tech and Renewable Energy


- Surface area of 4,000km2

- GDP of $161 billion

- 4 million regional inhabitants

- Lowest operating costs in North America

- Largest intermodal port in Eastern Canada

- Most direct access to the North American and European markets

- Top university city in Canada

- Over 40,000 university graduates each year

- 11 academic institutions, including four general-education universities (two French and two English)

- 54% of the population is bilingual (French and English)

- 60 international organizations

- 2,000 subsidiaries of foreign companies

Sector strengths: ICT, Aeropsace, Life sciences and Health Technology, Cleantech.


- GDP of $110 billion

- 2,3 million regional inhabitants

- Competitive tax regime

- Closest major port to Asia

- Some of the lowest energy rates in North America

Sector strengths: CleanTech, Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Digital entertainment and Interactve, Social Enterprise


- GDP of $97 billion

- 1,2 regional inhabitants

- Highest personal income

- Fastest growing labour force and lowest unemployment rate in Canada

- Sector strenghts: Energy, Manufacturing, Technology, Financial services sector

Of special interest: Plan Nord Quebec

Twenty-five years seem like a lifetime away, but the Quebec government's Plan Nord could result in a huge transformation of Northern Quebec in what's, in reality, a relatively short amount of time, given its ambitious objectives.                              

The numbers are nothing short of impressive. The Quebec Government projects Plan Nord to lead to over $80 billion in investments, $47 billion towards renewable energy and $33 billion for investments in the mining sector and public infrastructure such as roads, rail and airports. It will also create or consolidate about 20,000 jobs per year over a 25-year period. In its recently released  plan, the government says it hopes the initative will be to the coming decades what the development of La Manicouagan and James Bay were to the 1960-70s.

The mining industry could play a huge part in this investment. The 1.2 million km area the plan covers is a wealth of untapped opportunities that could surely captivate the interests of domestic and global mining companies. This territory produces all of Quebec's nickel, zinc and iron ore, to name a few. There are already at least 11 new projects that could be launched in the coming years in the territory the Plan Nord covers.

Other useful links