Ihr Partner für den Erfolg

Malaysia
Handelskammer - Land Infoblatt Letztes Update: 12.07.2018

Ihre Berater bei der Handelskammer

  • Sabrina Aksil
    +352423939374
  • Na Shi
    +352423939364
Kontaktieren Sie uns: asia@cc.lu

Kennzahlen

Bereich
329,847 km2
Bevölkerung
31,381,992 (July 2017 est.)
Regierungsform
constitutional monarchy
Sprachen
Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai
BIP
$926.1 billion (2017 est.)
Wachstumsrate
5.4% (2017 est.)
HDI
59
Hauptstadt
Kuala Lumpur

 

Einführung

During the late 18th and 19th centuries, Great Britain established colonies and protectorates in the area of current Malaysia; these were occupied by Japan from 1942 to 1945. In 1948, the British-ruled territories on the Malay Peninsula except Singapore formed the Federation of Malaya, which became independent in 1957. Malaysia was formed in 1963 when the former British colonies of Singapore, as well as Sabah and Sarawak on the northern coast of Borneo, joined the Federation. The first several years of the country's independence were marred by a communist insurgency, Indonesian confrontation with Malaysia, Philippine claims to Sabah, and Singapore's withdrawal in 1965. During the 22-year term of Prime Minister MAHATHIR bin Mohamad (1981-2003), Malaysia was successful in diversifying its economy from dependence on exports of raw materials to the development of manufacturing, services, and tourism. Prime Minister Mohamed NAJIB bin Abdul Razak (in office since April 2009) has continued these pro-business policies.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Malaysia

 

Makroökonomische Indikatoren

Malaysia, an upper middle-income country, has transformed itself since the 1970s from a producer of raw materials into a multi-sector economy. Under current Prime Minister NAJIB, Malaysia is attempting to achieve high-income status by 2020 and to move further up the value-added production chain by attracting investments in high technology, knowledge-based industries and services. NAJIB's Economic Transformation Program is a series of projects and policy measures intended to accelerate the country's economic growth. The government has also taken steps to liberalize some services sub-sectors. Malaysia is vulnerable to a fall in world commodity prices or a general slowdown in global economic activity.

The NAJIB administration is continuing efforts to boost domestic demand and reduce the economy's dependence on exports. Domestic demand continues to anchor economic growth, supported mainly by private consumption, which accounts for 53% of GDP. Nevertheless, exports - particularly of electronics, oil and gas, and palm oil - remain a significant driver of the economy. In 2015, gross exports of goods and services were equivalent to 73% of GDP. The oil and gas sector supplied about 22% of government revenue in 2015, down significantly from prior years amid a decline in commodity prices and diversification of government revenues. Malaysia has embarked on a fiscal reform program aimed at achieving a balanced budget by 2020, including rationalization of subsidies and the 2015 introduction of a 6% value added tax. Sustained low commodity prices throughout the period not only strained government finances, but also shrunk Malaysia’s current account surplus and weighed heavily on the Malaysian ringgit, which was among the region’s worst performing currencies during 2013-17. The ringgit hit new lows following the US presidential election amid a broader selloff of emerging market assets.

Bank Negara Malaysia (the central bank) maintains adequate foreign exchange reserves; a well-developed regulatory regime has limited Malaysia's exposure to riskier financial instruments, although it remains vulnerable to volatile global capital flows. In order to increase Malaysia’s competitiveness, Prime Minister NAJIB raised possible revisions to the special economic and social preferences accorded to ethnic Malays under the New Economic Policy of 1970, but retreated in 2013 after he encountered significant opposition from Malay nationalists and other vested interests. In September 2013 NAJIB launched the new Bumiputra Economic Empowerment Program, policies that favor and advance the economic condition of ethnic Malays.

Malaysia signed the 12-nation Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) free trade agreement in February 2016, although the future of the TPP remains unclear following the US withdrawal from the agreement. Along with nine other ASEAN members, Malaysia established the ASEAN Economic Community in 2015, which aims to advance regional economic integration.

Source: The CIA World Factbook - Economic overview

IMF Statistics: 

Subject descriptor20142015201620172018
Gross domestic product, constant prices
Percent change
6.0134.9684.3004.6004.700
Gross domestic product, current prices
U.S. dollars (Billions)
338.073296.284302.748336.303376.682
Gross domestic product per capita, current prices
U.S. dollars (Units)
11,009.0979,500.5219,545.51710,426.25611,482.875
Inflation, average consumer prices
Percent change
3.1432.1042.1012.9662.927
Volume of imports of goods and services
Percent change
4.0062.0790.8152.1042.896
Volume of exports of goods and services
Percent change
5.5754.428-1.9393.4633.458
Unemployment rate
Percent of total labor force
2.8503.1503.1503.1503.150
Current account balance
U.S. dollars (Billions)
14.8358.8743.6464.9975.627
Current account balance
Percent of GDP
4.3882.9951.2041.4861.494
Colored cells are estimates

Source: IMF Statistics - Malaysia

 

Luxemburg und das Land

Existing conventions and agreements

Non double taxation agreement 

In order to promote international economic and financial relations in the interest of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg government negotiates bilateral agreements for the avoidance of double taxation and prevent fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income and on fortune with third countries.

  • Convention from 21.11.2002 (Memorial 2004, A No.80, p.1148)
  • Effective as of 01.01.2005 (Memorial 2004, A No.80, p.1148)

Air Services agreement

  • Agreement from 01.19.1979 (Memorial 1980, A, p. 475)
  • Effective as of 05.14.1980
  • New Agreement from 21.11.2002 

Source: Administration des contributions directes

 

Weitere Informationen

Foreign Trade

The Statec Foreign Trade statistics provide information on the trade of goods - by product and by country. This information is collected respectively through the INTRASTAT declaration and on the basis of customs documents.

You can see the statistics on the website of the Statec.

Contact points in Malaysia

Embassy of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in Malaysia

Ambassador with residence in Bangkok: Mr Robert LAUER

Q House Lumpini 17th Floor
1 South Sathorn Road
Tungmahamek Sathorn
Bangkok 10120 Thailand
Tél.: (+66 2) 677 7360
Fax: (+66 2) 677 7364
E-mail: bangkok.amb(at)mae.etat.lu 
Website: bangkok.mae.lu

Honorary Consul

Honorary Consul with jurisdiction in MalaysiaM. Dato’Kok Wee KIAT

14 Jalan Balau 
Bukit Damansara 
50490 Kuala Lumpur 
Malaysia
Tél.: (+60) 3 2094 6236 
Fax: (+60) 3 2094 876
E-mail: luxembourg.kl(at)gmail.com

Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Luxembourg

 

Economic and Commercial Attaché (AWEX) in charge of Brunei and Malaysia

Economic and Commercial AttachéMr Eric DE LAME

Suite 10-03, 10 th Floor
Menara Tan & Tan
207 Jalan Tun Razak
50400 Kuala Lumpur - Malaysia
Tel: +60-3-2168.8895 / 96 / 97
E-mail: kualalumpur(at)awex-wallonia.com

Source: AWEX

 

Country risk as defined by Office du Ducroire for Malaysia

Ducroire is the only credit insurer covering open account deals in over 200 countries. A rating on a scale from 1 to 7 shows the intensity of the political risk. Category 1 comprises countries with the lowest political risk and category 7 countries with the highest. Macroeconomics experts also assess the repayment climate for all buyers in a country.

Link: Ducroire Office - Country Risk for Malaysia

Other Useful Links: